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  • Glossary

    This glossary contains common terms, acronyms, abbreviations, and definitions used throughout this web site. Please click on a letter to go to the listings that start with that letter.

    A

    ADA
    Americans with Disabilities Act – Refers to the American with Disabilities Act Legislation that was pass in the United States in 1990.
    ADT
    Average Daily Traffic (or Trips)
    AFT
    American Farmland Trust
    AFV
    Alternative Fuel Vehicles
    AHRI
    American Heritage Rivers Initiative
    AIC
    American International College
    AICP
    American Institute of Certified Planners – This is the American Planning Association’s professional institute, providing recognized leadership nationwide in the certification of professional planners, ethics, professional development, planning education, and the standards of planning practice. (Definition taken from the official website – http://www.planning.org/aicp/)
    AMPO
    Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations
    ANR
    Approval Not Required
    APA
    American Planning Association
    APD
    Aquifer Protection District
    ATR
    Automatic Traffic Recorder – These are used to collect daily traffic volume information as well as vehicle classification, speed, and gap.
    AQI
    Air Quality Index
    AVR
    Average Vehicle Ridership

    B

    BAPAC
    Barnes Aquifer Protection Advisory Committee
    BRPC
    Berkshire Regional Planning Commission
    BID
    Business Improvement District
    BLOS
    Bicycle Level of Service
    BMP
    Best Management Practice
    BMS
    Bridge Management System
    BOA
    Board of Appeals (or Adjustment)
    BTPD
    Bureau of Transportation Planning and Development
    BTS
    Bureau of Transportation Statistics

    C

    CAAA
    Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
    CAN DO
    Collaborating for the Advancement of Nursing: Developing Opportunities
    CARD
    Commercial Area Revitalization District
    CAS
    Community Action Statement
    CBD
    Central Business District
    CBIA
    Connecticut Business & Industry Association
    CCC
    Cape Cod Commission
    3C
    Continuing, Comprehensive, and Cooperative Planning Process
    CCGS
    Cooperating Colleges of Greater Springfield
    CD
    Community Development

    CDAChild Development Associate

    CDAG Community Development Action GrantCDBGCommunity Development Block GrantCDCCommunity Development CorporationCDFCommunity Development FundCDPCommunity Development PlanCEDACCommunity Economic Development Assistance CorporationCEDSComprehensive Economic Development StrategyCEEDCommunity Enterprise Economic DevelopmentCERCLAComprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 §101 (39)CHAPACitizen Housing and Planning AssociationCHDOsCommunity Housing Development OrganizationsCIISCapital Improvement Inventory SystemCIPCapital Improvements Plan (or Program)CMAQCongestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement ProgramCMRPCCentral Massachusetts Regional Planning CommissionCMSCongestion Management SystemCMSAConsolidated Metropolitan Statistical AreaCNGCompressed Natural GasCOCarbon MonoxideCOGCouncil of GovernmentsComm-PASSCommonwealth Procurement Access and Solicitation SystemCPACommunity Preservation ActCPTCCitizen Planner Training CollaborativeCSBGCommunity Service Block GrantCSOCombined Sewer Overflow

    D

    DCR
    Department of Conservation and Recreation
    DECE
    Developing Early Childhood Educators – An Early Childhood initiative that seeks to align local stakeholders to develop a consistent, clearly articulated, well integrated, universal and comprehensive system for early childhood educators to access, afford and attain industry recognized credentials.
    DEP
    Department of Environmental Protection
    DET
    Division of Employment and Training
    DBE
    Disadvantage Business Enterprise
    DHCD
    Department of Housing and Community Development
    DOE
    Department of Energy
    DOE
    Department of Education
    DOR
    Department of Revenue
    DOT
    Department of Transportation
    DPW
    Department of Public Works
    DRI
    Developments of Regional Impact

    E

    EACC
    Economic Assistance Coordinating Council
    ECE
    Early Childhood Education
    EDA
    Economic Development Administration
    EDC
    Economic Development Council
    EDD
    Economic Development District
    EDIC
    Economic Development and Industrial Corporation
    EEC
    Early Education and Care, MA Department
    EIR
    Environmental Impact Report
    EIS
    Environmental Impact Statement
    EJ
    Environmental Justice
    ENF
    Environmental Notification Form
    E.O.
    Executive Order
    EOA
    Economic Opportunity Area
    EOAF
    Executive Office of Administration and Finance
    EOEA
    Executive Office of Economic Affairs
    EOEA
    Executive Office of Elder Affairs
    EOEA
    Executive Office of Environmental Affairs
    EOTC
    Executive Office of Transportation and Construction
    EPA
    Environmental Protection Agency
    ETA
    Economic Target Area

    F

    FA
    Federal Aid
    FC
    Functional Classification (of roadways)
    FCAC
    Franklin Community Action Corporation
    FHA
    Federal Housing Administration
    FHWA
    Federal Highway Administration – An agency of the United States Department of Transportation that provides financial and technical support to each state for constructing, improving, and preserving America’s highway system.
    FRCOG
    Franklin Regional Council of Governments
    FTA
    Federal Transit Administration – An agency of the United State Department of Transportation that administers federal funding to support a variety of locally planned, constructed, and operated public transportation systems throughout the U.S., including buses, subways, light rail, commuter rail, streetcars, monorail, passenger ferry boats, inclined railways, and people movers.

    G

    GED
    General Educational Development – Sometimes known as a “General Equivalency Diploma” or “General Education(al) Diploma”
    GIS
    Geographic Information System – A system for capturing, storing, analyzing and managing data and associated attributes which are spatially referenced to the earth.
    GPS
    Global Positioning System

    H

    HAC
    Housing Appeal Committee
    HAP
    Housing Allowance Project (Hampden/Hampshire Housing Partnership)
    HCAC
    Hampshire Community Action Commission
    HCC
    Holyoke Community College
    HDSP
    Housing Development Support Program
    HIF
    Housing Innovation Fund
    HMDL
    Home Modification for Individuals with Disabilities Loan
    HOD
    Highway Overlay District
    HOD
    Historic Overlay District
    HOP
    Homeownership Opportunities Program
    HOV
    High Occupancy Vehicle
    HPG
    Housing Preservation Grant
    HSEP
    Hartford-Springfield Economic Partnership
    HUD
    United States Department of Housing and Urban Development – A Cabinet department of the United States government focused on housing.

    I

    IFB
    Invitation for Bid
    ITS
    Intelligent Transportation Systems
    ISTEA
    Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

    J

    JLT
    Jacob’s Ladder Trail
    JTC
    Joint Transportation Committee

    K

    L

    Ldn
    Abbreviation for the three hundred sixty-five day average, in decibels, of day-night average sound levels generated by aircraft flight operations.
    LHA
    Local Housing Authority
    LIHEAP
    Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program
    LIHTC
    Low Income Housing Tax Credit
    LOS
    Level of Service
    LPMS
    Local Pavement Management System
    LRV
    Light Rail Vehicle
    LTA
    Local Technical Assistance

    M

    MA
    Metropolitan Area
    MAPC
    Metropolitan Area Planning Council
    MARPA
    Massachusetts Association of Regional Planning Agencies
    MassGIS
    Massachusetts Geographic Information System
    MBE
    Minority Business Enterprises
    MEPA
    Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act
    MGIC
    Massachusetts Geographic Information Council
    M.G.L.
    Massachusetts General Laws
    MHC
    Massachusetts Historical Commission
    MHD
    Massachusetts Highway Department (aka MassHighway)
    MHP
    Massachusetts Housing Partnership
    MIFA
    Massachusetts Industrial Finance Agency
    MIG
    Municipal Incentive Grant
    MISER
    Massachusetts Institute for Social and Economic Research
    MMA
    Massachusetts Municipal Association
    MOA
    Memorandum of Agreement
    MOBD
    Massachusetts Office of Business Development
    MOD
    Massachusetts Office on Disability
    MOU
    Memorandum of Understanding
    MPO
    Metropolitan Planning Organization – The body which approves federally funded projects in Hampshire and Hampden counties.
    MRPC
    Montachusett Regional Planning Commission
    MSA
    Metropolitan Statistical Area
    MTA
    Massachusetts Turnpike Authority
    Municipal
    A city, town, village, or a small grouping of them, typically governed by a mayor and a city council.
    MVC
    Martha’s Vineyard Commission
    MVPC
    Merrimack Valley Planning Commission
    MWRA
    Massachusetts Water Resources Authority

    N

    NARC
    National Association of Regional Councils
    NEARC
    New England Association of Regional Councils
    NFA
    Non-Federal Aid
    NHS
    National Highway System
    NHS
    Neighborhood Housing Services program
    NHTSA
    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    NMCOG
    Northern Middlesex Council of Governments
    NOx
    Nitrogen Oxide
    NP&EDC
    Nantucket Planning and Economic Development Commission
    NPDES
    National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
    NTHP
    National Trust for Historic Preservation
    NTSB
    National Transportation Safety Board

    O

    OCPC
    Old Colony Planning Council
    OEDP
    Overall Economic Development Program
    OSRP
    Open Space and Recreation Plan

    P

    P-21
    Pathways to Success by 21
    PCI
    Pavement Condition Index
    PDR
    Purchase of Development Rights
    PHT
    Peak Hour Traffic (or Trips)
    PILOT
    Payment in Lieu of Taxes
    PL
    [Metropolitan] Planning Funds
    PMS
    Pavement Management System
    PMSA
    Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area
    PMUG
    Pavement Management Users Group
    POAD
    Planner on a Disc
    PPP
    Public Participation Process
    PURD
    Planned Unit Residential Development
    PVPC
    Pioneer Valley Planning Commission – A public agency that, together with local governments, addresses problems and opportunities in the region.
    PVRBCRLF
    Pioneer Valley Regional Brownfields Cleanup Revolving Loan Fund
    PVTA
    Pioneer Valley Transit Authority
    PWED
    Public Works/Economic Development

    Q

    R

    RDAL
    Rental Development Action Loan
     
    REMI
    Regional Economic Models, Inc.
    RFP
    Request for Proposals
    RFQ
    Request for Qualifications
    RFR
    Request for Response
    RIF
    Roadway Inventory Files
    RLF
    Revolving Loan Fund
    RPA
    Regional Planning Agency
    RPAs
    Regional Planning Agencies
    RPMS
    Regional Pavement Management System
    RTA
    Regional Technology Alliance
    RTA
    Regional Transit Authority
    RTP
    Regional Transportation Plan

    S

    SBA
    Small Business Administration
    SIP
    State Implementation Plan (for air quality)
    SOMWBA
    State Office of Minority and Women Business Assistance
    SOV
    Single Occupancy Vehicle
    SP
    Special Permit
    SPP
    Special Permit Planning
    SPR
    Site Plan Review
    SRPEDD
    Southeastern Regional Planning and Economic Development District
    SPACE
    Springfield Area Council for Excellence
    SPR
    Statewide Planning and Research Funds
    SRO
    Single Room Occupancy
    STCC
    Springfield Technical Community College
    STIP
    Statewide Transportation Improvement Program
    STP
    Surface Transportation Program

    T

    TCSP
    Transportation and Community System Preservation [Pilot Program]
    TDM
    Transportation Demand Management
    TDR
    Transfer of Development Rights
    TEA-21
    Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
    TIF
    Tax Increment Financing
    TIP
    Transportation Improvement Program
    TMA
    Transportation Management Area
    TMC
    Turning Movement Counter – Intersection turning movement counters are used to collect intersection vehicle turning movement volumes.
    TND
    Traditional Neighborhood District
    TOD
    Transit Oriented Design (or Development)
    TRO
    Trip Reduction Ordinance
    TRB
    Transportation Research Board
    TSM
    Transportation Systems Management
    TTY

    T

    ele

    TY

    pe/

    T

    ele

    TY

    pewriter) – An electronic device use by the deaf for typed communications over the telephone.

    U

    UGB
    Urban Growth Boundary
    ULI
    Urban Land Institute
    UMass
    University of Massachusetts
    UPWP
    Unified Planning Work Program
    URDG
    Urban Revitalization Development Grant
    USDA
    United States Department of Agriculture
    USDI
    United States Department of the Interior
    USFS
    United States Forest Service
    USFWS
    United States Fish and Wildlife Service
    USGS
    United States Geological Survey
    USPLS
    United States Public Land Survey
    UST
    Underground Storage Tanks

    V

    VMT
    Vehicle Miles Traveled
    VOC
    Volatile Organic Compound
    VOR
    Vehicle Occupancy Rate

    W

    WAP
    Weatherization Assistance Program
    WBE
    Women-owned Business Enterprises
    WHPA
    Wellhead Protection Area
    WIA
    Workforce Investment Act
    WMNTMA
    The Western Massachusetts Chapter of the National Tooling and Machining Association
    WNEC
    Western New England College
    WQMP
    Water Quality Management Plan
    WRWA
    Westfield River Watershed Association
    WRWSAC
    Westfield River Wild & Scenic Advisory Committee
    WSC
    Westfield State College
    WSP
    Water Supply Protection [District]

    X

    Y

    Z

    ZBA
    Zoning Board of Adjustment (or Appeals)

    Executive Orders and Legislative Acts

    E.O. 418
    production of affordable housing across a broad range of incomes
    M.G.L. Chapter 30B
    uniform procurement law for local governments
    M.G.L. Chapter 40A
    zoning
    M.G.L. Chapter 40B
    planning/comprehensive permits
    M.G.L. Chapter 41, Sections 81K-81GG
    subdivision control (revised November 2005)